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Why is Meta Facing Class Action Lawsuits?

Meta, previously known as Facebook, is currently embroiled in extensive legal battles stemming from claims of harmful effects on young users. The allegations suggest that Meta, deliberately and knowingly, designed features on Instagram and Facebook to entice and eventually addict children to its platforms.

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Harmful Effects Highlighted

Central to the lawsuits is the assertion that Meta’s primary business model revolves around retaining the attention of younger users, even at their wellbeing’s expense. Accusations state that Meta has crafted and introduced product features that psychologically manipulate young users into prolonged usage of their platforms. Despite the company’s assurances that its services are safe for young users, internal reports have consistently indicated otherwise. The lawsuit further brings to light the potentially detrimental effects of certain Instagram features, such as likes and filters, which could amplify issues like body dysmorphia and eating disorders. Furthermore, the app’s recommendation algorithms are allegedly designed to exploit dopamine responses in young users, leading to addictive cycles of engagement and exposure to distressing content.

Origins of the Legal Battles

The class-action lawsuit sees participation from 41 U.S. states, including major players such as California and New York, and the District of Columbia. This widespread action results from extensive investigations into Meta’s practices, initiated by Colorado and Tennessee’s attorneys general. Negotiations for settlements with the states had previously occurred but ultimately fell through.

Whistleblower Disclosures and Repercussions

The lawsuit’s momentum is partially attributed to Frances Haugen, a former Meta employee. Her revelations, termed the “Facebook Files,” included internal studies demonstrating the exacerbation of mental health issues in teens due to Instagram. These findings propelled the company to halt its development on the Instagram Kids app and implement numerous safety features on Instagram, catering particularly to younger users.

Meta’s Response

In response to the mounting criticism and lawsuits, Meta has expressed its dedication to ensuring a safe online environment for teens. The company cites the introduction of over 30 tools designed to support teenagers and their families on their platforms. However, Meta expressed its disappointment with the attorneys general’s approach, emphasizing the need for broader collaboration across the tech industry to establish clear, age-specific standards.

Wider Implications for the Social Media Landscape

Meta’s current challenges serve as a glaring example of the broader scrutiny facing social media platforms concerning their impact on young users. Other giants like Snap, TikTok, and YouTube have also been under the legislative microscope for similar safety issues. The pervasive use of social media among teenagers and children, alongside their ability to circumvent age restrictions, heightens the urgency of these concerns. Despite platforms implementing measures to protect children, their effectiveness remains questionable.

A Crucial Stand

Meta’s situation underscores the pressing need to balance technological advancement with the ethical responsibility of ensuring user safety. With states taking a firm stance, it sends a clear message to the tech world about prioritizing the welfare of the younger generation over profits.

Bilgesu Erdem
Bilgesu Erdem
Bilgesu graduated from Ankara University, Faculty of Communication, Department of Radio, Television and Cinema. After working as a reporter for various television channels and a newspaper, Bilgesu is currently working as a content editor at Newslinker. She loves technology and animals.

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